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Home Publications The EU in a world in transition: Fit for what purpose?
The EU in a world in transition: Fit for what purpose?

The EU in a world in transition: Fit for what purpose?

Loukas Tsoukalis (ed)

28 October 2009


The EU in a world in transition: Fit for what purpose?

As fears of marginalisation in a rapidly changing world rise, this edited volume considers how the EU can redefine its role as a major political entity and confront the external challenges it must face up to. How it should reform itself, both internally and externally, in order to overcome and respond to the multifaceted challenges of the global age we now live in. In short, the challenge of making the EU “fit for purpose”.

Needless to say, this is where controversy begins: what exactly is the EU’s “purpose” in the 21st century and what kind of reforms are required to render it “fit”? In this volume, leading thinkers and experts provide compelling answers to issues of defence and security, global economic governance, neighbourhood policy, trade, energy and climate change.

This pamphlet is one of three volumes containing over thirty original policy papers on the full range of EU challenges. In addition, the synthesis report "An EU "fit for purpose in the global age - can we rise to the challenge?" provides a compact analysis of how the EU needs to evolve and operate if it is to live up to the expectations and hopes of many of its citizens.


Chapter 1 Loukas Tsoukalis
In a changing world where size matters

Chapter 2 Alyson JK Bailes
External security policies and the European model

Chapter 3 Nick Witney
Global power or big Switzerland?

Chapter 4 Paweł Świeboda
Options in dealing with potential members and other neighbours

Chapter 5 Helen Wallace
Neighbourhood policy: between grand rhetoric and modest tools

Chapter 6 Patrick A. Messerlin
Valuing our neighbours: pro-growth initiatives and the danger of exporting the wrong regulatory frameworks

Chapter 7 Sophie Meunier and Wade Jacoby
Managing the global trade agenda

Chapter 8 Fredrik Erixon and Razeen Sally
Defensiveness and fragmentation in trade policy

Chapter 9 Jean Pisani-Ferry and Nicolas Véron
The reform of global economic and financial governance

Chapter 10 Pier-Carlo Padoan
A single European seat in international financial institutions

Chapter 11 Nick Butler
Why we need a common European energy policy

Chapter 12 Dieter Helm
Energy and environmental policy: options for the future

Chapter 13 Laurence Tubiana and Matthieu Wemaëre
Climate change action: can the EU continue to be a leader?

About the contributors

Alyson Bailes is visiting professor at the University of Iceland in Reykjavik and former director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). She has published widely on topics of general security policy development, European security and defence and regional security cooperation.

Nick Butler is senior policy adviser to British Prime Minister Gordon Brown. He is also fellow in energy studies at Cambridge University and chairman of the Cambridge Centre for Energy Studies (CCES).

Fredrik Erixon is director of the Brussels-based European Centre for International Political Economy (ECIPE). He has authored several books and papers on international economics and international political economy.

Dieter Helm is professor of energy policy at the University of Oxford and a fellow of New College, Oxford. He is a member of the Advisory Panel on Energy and Climate Security within the UK Department for Energy and Climate Change. He is the author of The New Energy Paradigm (2007) and The Economics and Politics of Climate Change (with Cameron Hepburn, 2009).

Wade Jacoby is professor of political science at Brigham Young University in Provo, USA. He is the author of The Enlargement of the EU and NATO: Ordering from the Menu in Central Europe (2004).

Patrick Messerlin is professor of economics at Sciences-Po in Paris and director of the Groupe d’ Economie Mondiale. He is an expert in international trade and trade policy and has co-authored numerous publications, including The Law and Economics of Contingent Protection in the WTO (2008) and Europe After the No Votes: Mapping a New Economic Path (2006).

Sophie Meunier is research scholar in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, and co-director of its EU programme. She is the author of Trading Voices: the European Union in International Commercial Negotiations (2005).

Pier-Carlo Padoan is deputy secretary-general of the OECD. Prior to joining the OECD, he was professor of economics at the University La Sapienza in Rome and director of Fondazione Italienieuropei.

Jean Pisani-Ferry is professor of economics at the Université Paris-Dauphine and director of Bruegel, a Brussels-based economic think-tank. He is a member of the French Prime Minister’s consultative Council of Economic Analysis and of the European Commission’s consultative Group of Economic Policy Analysis (GEPA).

Razeen Sally is co-director of ECIPE and a senior research associate at the South African Institute of International Affairs in Johannesburg. He is the author of New Frontiers in Free Trade: Globalization's Future and Asia's Rising Role (2008).

Pawel Swieboda is president of demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy in Warsaw. From 2001 to 2006 he served as director of the department of the European Union at the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Loukas Tsoukalis is Jean Monnet professor of European integration at the University of Athens and visiting professor at the College of Europe. He is also president of the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) and special adviser to Jose Manuel Barroso, president of the European Commission. He is the author of What Kind of Europe? (2005) and many other books on European and international affairs.

Laurence Tubiana is director of the Institute of Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI). She is also professor at Sciences-Po Paris and director of the sustainable development chair. She previously served as senior adviser on environment to the Prime Minister Lionel Jospin.

Nicolas Véron is a research fellow at Bruegel and an expert on capital markets, financial services regulation, and corporate strategies. He is the author of Smoke & Mirrors, Inc: Accounting for Capitalism (2006).

Helen Wallace is centennial professor at the European Institute of the London School of Economics and honorary professor at the University of Sussex. She has co-authored numerous publications on the politics of European integration and is the editor of Unveiling the European Council: Games Governments Play in Brussels (2008, edited with Daniel Naurin).

Matthieu Wemaëre is a research associate at IDRI and its permanent representative at the EU institutions. He is also a lawyer of the Paris and Brussels bars and provides legal assistance on emissions trading to international organisations, governments and NGOs.

Nick Witney is senior policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations in Paris. From 2004 to 2007, he was the first chief executive of the European Defence Agency in Brussels.


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