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In search of public approval

In search of public approval

Renaud Thillaye

18 December 2014


The sustainability of European economic and monetary union (EMU) has been questioned over the last few years. Criticism has focused on the missing democratic dimension behind recent governance reforms, and the lack of a compensating output legitimacy.

The paper considers the seriousness of this legitimacy problem. It starts by revisiting the classic division between ‘input’ and ‘output’ legitimacy in the context of EMU and finds that, given a lack of will to commit to deeper integration, governance needs to accommodate the diversity of expectations and situations of euro countries. The paper then assesses the way governance works in practice by analysing the interaction between the EU and national democracies on three similar cases: the 2011 labour market reform in Italy, the 2013 pension reform in France, and the 2014 minimum wage decision in Germany. Each of these cases is reflective of a reform related (directly or not) to a recommendation by the EU and conducted under its supervision. The analysis tends to confirm the existence of patterns of legitimation specific to EU economic governance. It suggests that the ‘legitimacy problem’ is manageable as long as national governments and parliaments are resolute in dealing collectively with their differences.

About the Author
Renaud Thillaye is deputy director at Policy Network.

‘Welfare, Wealth and Work for Europe’ Project
This paper is a contribution to the ‘WWWforEurope’ project, a four-year research initiative
led by the Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) with the objective to identify the
conditions for a successful socioecological transition in line with the Europe 2020 strategy
for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. This project has received funding from the
European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development
and demonstration under grant agreement No. 290647. For more information on this project,
visit www.foreurope.eu

Tags: Policy Network , Renaud Thillaye , Europe , EU , eurozone , legitimacy

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